HISTORY OF IMPA

Kaikolans (SENGUTHAR):


The Kaikolans are a large caste of Tamil weavers found in all the southern districts."A Weaving and Textile caste dominating in below Tamil districts in Erode, Tirour, Coimbatore, Karur, Naamakal, Salem, Dahrmapuri, Krishnagiri. The name Kaikolan is further derived from Kai (hand) and kol (shuttle). The Kaikolans consider the different parts of the Loom to represent various Devathas and Rishis.


Agamudaiyan:


The Agamudaiyans, Mr. W. Francis writes, "A cultivating caste dominating in below Tamil districts in Chengalpattu, NorthArcot, Erode, Kanijivaram, Krishnagiri, Salem, It is noted in the Tanjore Manual that Agamudayar (the equivalent of Agamudaiyan) is derived from the 'root' 'aham' which in Tamil has many significations. In one of these it means a house, in another earth, and hence it has two meanings, householder and landholder the suffix Udaiyar indicating ownership.


Vellala:


The Vellalas, "Mr. H.A. Staurt writes, "are the great farmer caste of the Tamil country, and they are strongly represented in every Tamil district. The word Vellalan is derived from 'Vellanmai' (vellam-water, anma-Management) meaning cultivation. They formed the nobility, or the landed Aristocracy of the VIcountry. The Chera, Chola and Pandian kings, and most of the Petty chiefs of Tamilakam, belonged to the tribe of Vellalas. Assuming our community has 153 sub faces with in the community, so far we have recognised 50 sub faces only. Our community had its strong presence in Dindigul, Madurai, Pudukotai, Theni, Thanjore, Thrichy, Virudhu Nagar, Thirvavyur, Thirunallevalli, Shivagangai.

In South India every village, Taluk and District was governed by our community in the past (Like Munchief, karnam, Revenue Administrators...)

Our communities eminent people had strong Devotional background.

Only Our community was the option to maintain all temples in olden days. That is the reason why Atheenams came into the picture because we were trust worthy, loyal and had strong administrative skills.

British people identified them for their Administration requirements and proposed our community people to be Ministers, Divans, Warriors and Raobahadurs in those days.

Our community people are recognised in 16 Nayanmars (saints) of Saiva religion out of 63 Nayanmars and three Alwars in Vaishnava Religion.

We played a key role to introduce Literature stage shows, Cinema industry, art Development, Freedom Fighters, Poetry and trusts in India.

We are the first people to formulate Education system in South India.

Our community people are "Born to lead and Born to win".

Maximum number of trusts in Tamilnadu were held by our community people.

Most iconic faces in Tamilnadu belong to our Community.

Most of the Political parties in Tamilnadu were founded by our community.



COMMUNITY SUBCASTE


1. Aathi Saiva Vellalar - ஆதி சைவ வேளாளர்

2. Agamudaiyar / thuluva vellalar - அகமுடையார் / துளுவ வெள்ளாளரர்

3. Arcot mudaliar- ஆர்கட் முதலியார்

4. Hindu Sivamatham Vellalar - இந்து சிவமதம் வேளாளர்

5. Illathu Pillaimar - இல்லத்துப் பிள்ளைமார்

6. Isai Vellalar - இசை வேளாளர்

7. Kaaniyalar Vellalar - காணியாளர் வேளாளர்

8. Kaarkatha Vellalar - கார்காத்த வேளாளர்

9. Kaikolar - கைக்கோளர்

10. Kaniyakumari Vellalar - கன்னியாகுமாரி வேளாளர்

11. Kaniyar (or) panikkar - கணியர் (அ) பணிக்கர்

12. Karuneegar – கருணீகர்

13. Kerala Mudaliar -கேரள முதலியார்ார்

14. Kongu Vellala Gownder - கொங்கு வேளாள கவுண்டர்

15. Muskuntha Vellalar - முசுகுந்த வேளாளர்

16. Nanjil Mudali -நாஞ்சில் முதலி

17. Nanjil Nattu Vellalar - நாஞ்சில் நாட்டு வேளாளர்

18. Nanjil Vellalar - நாஞ்சில் வேளாளர்

19. Nankudi Vellalar - நன்குடி வேளாளர்

20. Narkudi Vellalar - நற்குடி வேளாளர்

21. Narpathirendur Thuluva Vellalar -நாற்பத்திரண்டூர் துளுவ வேளாளர்

22. Nayinaar - நயினார்

23. Okkaliga Vellalar  - ஒக்காலிக வேளாளர்

24. Oothuvaar - ஓதுவார்

25. Paanar – பாணர்ர்

26. Pandiya Vellar - பாண்டிய வேளாளர்

27. Pathinettu Manthai enpathu naalur Sozhiya Vellalar -  பதினெட்டு மந்தை எண்பத்து நாலூர் சோழிய வேளாளர்

28. Saiva vellalar - சைவ வேளாளர்

29. Senai Thalaivar - சேனைத் தலைவர்

30. Sengunthar- செங்குந்தர்

31. Serakula Vellalar - சேரகுல வேளாளர்

32. Sozhiya Vellalar - சோழிய வேளாளர்

33. Thesigan - தேசிகன்

34. Thesigar - தேசிகர்

35. Thondai Mandala Muthanmai Vellalar - தொண்டை மண்டல முதன்மை வேளாளர்

36. Thondai Mandala Vellalar - தொண்டை மண்டல வேளாளர்்

37. Thondaimandala saiva mudaliar தொண்டைமண்டல சைவ முதலியார்

38. Udaiyar - உடையார்

40. UuthuNattu Vellalar - ஊத்து நாட்டு வேளாளர்

41. UutruVala Nattu Vellalar - ஊற்று வளநாட்டு வேளாளர்

42. Veera Saivar - வீரசைவர்

43. Veerakodi Vellalar - வீரக்கொடி வேளாளர்்

44. Yogeeswarar - யோகீஸ்வரர்



CASTE STATISTICS: